instrumental rationality

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work proposed here can be viewed as idealizing rationality at the zero level, but not at higher orders of theory-of-mind reasoning. Our thesis, that people follow instrumental rationality but an-chor it on their model of the opponent, is supported by Hedden and Zhang

The myth of instrumental rationality formulated by Rational Choice Theory (henceforth ‘RCT’) has, since modern times, vitiated the debate about human action, power, ideology and desire, as instrumentality itself is an imperialist ideology which rejects the

According to Killingsworth and Palmer (1992), Mark Poster said about Habermas’ instrumental rationality, “Instrumental rationality characterizes practices in what he calls ‘the system,’ that is in institions like the bureaucratic state and the econom, which achieve

Theoretical Ethics Instrumental Rationality and the Instrumental Doctrine Alistair M. Macleod Queen’s University, Canada [email protected] ABSTRACT: In opposition to the instrumental doctrine of rationality, I argue that the rationality of the end served by a strategy is a necessary condition of the rationality of the strategy itself: means to ends cannot be rational unless the ends are

Instrumental rationality can further be seen to alienate man from nature. This is to say that instead of seeing the individual as part of the natural world, instrumental rationality seeks to harness and control nature for its own gain. A good example of this form of

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Instrumental rationality in psychopathy: implications from learning tasks Abstract The issue whether psychopathic offenders are practically rational has attracted philosophical attention. The problem is relevant in theoretical discussions on moral is a platform for academics to share research papers.

Weirich examines three competing views entertained by economic theory about the instrumental rationality of decisions: the first says to maximize self-interest, the second to maximize utility, and the third to satisfice, that is, to adopt a satisfactory option. Critics

There are two types of rationality: epistemic and instrumental. For both types, we can embrace rationality by living in accordance with reason (= rational), oppose rationality by thinking and acting contrary to reason (= irrational), or transcend rationality by

To think rationally means taking the appropriate action given one’s goals and beliefs — what we call instrumental rationality — and holding beliefs that are in synch with available evidence

Find all the synonyms and alternative words for instrumental rationality at, the largest free online thesaurus, antonyms, definitions and translations resource on the web. We couldn’t find direct synonyms for the term instrumental rationality. Maybe

17/10/2011 · instrumental rationality, dominates society and hence the individual. The enlightenment was supposed to dispel myth, bestowing knowledge and truth on the masses, but on Horkheimer’s reading one myth was replaced by another. Furthermore human

[Instrumental Rationality sequence 2/7.] [This section goes over the planning fallacy, our cognitive bias of making overconfident predictions in our time estimates. It starts with an overview of the field and moves into some models of how human planning works. We’ll

Instrumental rationality, symmetry and scope

The paper distinguishes between instrumental reasons and instrumental rationality. It argues that instrumental reasons are not reasons to take the means to our ends. It further argues that there is no distinct form of instrumental reasoning or of instrumental

Definition of the noun Instrumental rationalityWhat does Instrumental rationality mean as a name of something? noun [context: critical theory] A specific form of rationality focusing on the most efficient or cost-effective means to achieve a specific end, but not in itself reflecting on the value of that end.

论现代竞技体育发展的工具理性内涵 Discussion on the connotations of instrumental rationality of the development of modern competitive sports 生命科学技术涉及到人类的受孕,出生,生殖,健康的维护及死亡等问题,表面上看,它是对人体的改良、重组、优化的活动,属于

Commentators maintain that the Court’s ‘individualistic’ approach to instrumental rationality resulted in the arbitrariness principle becoming subsumed by overbreadth. Yet, challenging the general deterrence provisions with overbreadth is not possible given the

Instrumental Rationality and Communicative Rationality Next, Habermas made a distinction between “instrumental rationality” (or instrumental reason) and “communicative rationality” (or communicative reason). Each mode of rationality is

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Rationality Christine M. Korsgaard 3 are in your best interests or not). When we say that someone acts “rationally” in these senses, we usually also mean that she is subjectively guided by the standards of prudence or instrumental rationality. That is, we mean

by Gitanjali Kolanad Getting old means I no longer inhabit my own memories. I watch them, not from the inside looking out, but from the outside looking in. I can’t tell you exactly when I vacated my former self, but I can give you an example. A woman of

Bounded rationality It is known that behavior can be rational or irrational, then, it could be inferred that preferences, beliefs, expectations and the decision-making process are also. Cyert & March 7 mention that the company is an institutional, functionally rational response to uncertainty and bounded rationality.

Instrumental rationality is best understood as a requirement of coherence on an agent’s non‐instrumental desires and means‐end beliefs. Since only a subset of an agent’s means‐end beliefs concern possible actions, the connection with intention is thus more

Instrumental rationality, on the other hand, is about steering reality— sending the future where you want it to go. It’s the art of choosing actions that lead to outcomes ranked higher in your preferences. I sometimes call this “winning.” So rationality is about

Instrumental and value rationality. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better. People reason daily about what they ought to do and how they ought to act. They seem to reason in two distinct ways, identified as two kinds of reasoning-at-large or Rationality.They reason

尤爾根·哈伯瑪斯(德語:Jürgen Habermas,1929年6月18日-),德國當代最重要的哲學家、社會學家之一。歷任海德堡大學教授、法蘭克福大學教授、法蘭克福大學社會研究所所長以及馬克斯普朗克學會生活世界研究所所長。1994年榮休。他同時也是西方馬克思主義

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A list of lyrics, artists and songs that contain the term “instrumental rationality” – from the website. Blues Brass & Military Children’s Classical Electronic Folk, World, & Country Funk / Soul Hip Hop Jazz Latin Non-Music Pop Reggae Rock Spiritual Stage & Screen

“It is the destiny of our era, w/ its characteristic rationalization and intellectualization, and, above Failed to load data from the server.

Instrumental rationality is a mode of thought and action that identifies problems and works directly towards their solution. Instrumental rationality is often studied as a social phenomenon by sociology, social philosophy and critical theory.Its proponents appear to

Instrumentalism, in the philosophy of science, the view that the value of scientific concepts and theories is determined not by whether they are literally true or correspond to reality in some sense but by the extent to which they help to make accurate empirical

The Frankfurt School theorists argued that universal rationality had been raised to the status of an idol. At the heart of this was what they called ‘instrumental reason’, the mechanism by which everything in human affairs was ground up.

A term used by Frankfurt school critical theorists to refer to what they regarded as the reduction of the Enlightenment ideal of reason to a dehumanizing technical rationalism in modern industrial societies. Instrumental rationality views the natural and social world in

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Philosophy and Phenomenological Research Vol. LXVI, No. 3, May 2003 Epistemic Rationality as Instrumental Rationality: A Critique THOMAS KELLY University of Notre Dame 1. Introduction My aim in this paper is to explore the relationship between epistemic

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Instrumental, Bounded and Grounded Rationality: Comments on Lockie Shira Elqayam, De Montfort University Abstract I have a lot of sympathy with Lockie’s (2015) suggestions for a relativist view of normative rationality. However, the efforts to add a

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502 CONSTRUCTIVIST AND ECOLOGICAL RATIONALITY IN ECONOMICS1 Prize Lecture, December 8, 2002 by VERNON L. SMITH,2 Interdisciplinary Center for Economic Science, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030-4444, USA. When we leave our

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Chapter 1 Introduction Instrumental rationality requires agents to take the best means to the ends they desire. Most decision theorists assume that standard normative decision theory is concerned with instrumental rationality, and with instrumental rationality alone.

I. The Failure of Ethical Principles to Get Traction in Climate Change Policy Formation. This entry will explain why a type of rationality, referred to as instrumental rationality, both dominates policy formation on climate change around the world and is

This book analyzes eight families of public administration theories from the perspective of instrumental and value-based rationalities. In the category of instrumental rationality, Dong places Traditional Public Administration, Privatization, New Public Management

He believed that rationality had triumphed .他認為理性終究占了上風。We can only speak of rationality relative to a frame of reference .我們只能相對于一種參照系來談論合理性。Now we shall use the rationality condition to fulfill our promise .現在我們將使用有理性


(You’ll remember this as the so-called ‘phronetic circle.’) If instrumental rationality is that sort of a mean, we should expect only those with a properly developed taste for effectiveness to competently discriminate what’s goofy from what isn’t.

Recent interest in the nature and presuppositions of instrumental rationality was inspired to a considerable degree by arguments designed to show that it presupposes other forms or kinds of rationality, or (to put it in the nonequivalent way in which the point is more

Introduction “Rationality” is among our central and most widely used evaluative notions. That humans are “rational animals” is a presumption built into the very name of our species, Homo sapiens; and the thought that humans are rational, perhaps distinctively so, appears to be part of the popular fabric of thought about ourselves.. “Rational” and its complement “irrational” are

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it discusses how bounded rationality differs from standard instrumental rationality (and how not), and whether it retains a bond between its descriptive and normative interpretations. 1. Standard Theory The standard theory of individual rationality

Many translated example sentences containing “instrumental rationality” – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. Translator Translate texts with the world’s best machine translation technology, developed by the creators of Linguee.

17/10/2011 · The system refers to the rules and functionality that have, over time, been institutionalised to guide societies dealings, i.e. currency and bureaucratic systems. Here, strategic-instrumental rationality rules the day with little allowance for open argumentation.

Have not read much of Habermas, and was unfamiliar with his distinction regarding instrumental and communicative rationality. The distinction certainly seems apropos to our democracy, and likewise to other extant governmental forms. As you aptly demonstrate

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Instrumental rationality is about taking the best means to your ends, and decision theories provide mathematically rigorous accounts of what makes somemeansbetterthanothers. Decisiontheorieshavetwoparts: an axio-logical partanda deontological part

This book analyzes eight families of public administration theories from the perspective of instrumental and value-based rationalities. In the category of instrumental rationality, Dong places Traditional Public Administration, Privatization, New Public Management

rationality definition: 1. the quality or condition of being rational; reasonableness or the possession or use of reason 2. pl. -·ties a rational act, belief, etc.Origin of